Use of English Part 2 A

For questions 9-16, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.

DEVELOPMENTS IN UNDERWATER DIVING

People have been diving without mechanical aids (0) since….. ancient times. In those days, divers mainly went underwater to search (9) ………. pearls or sponges. Various ways of supplying divers with air, and so permitting them to stay underwater for long periods of time, have been tried for well (10) ………. two thousand years. Alexander the Great (11) ………. said to have gone underwater in an early (12) ………. of diving machine, and Aristotle talked about apparatus (13) ………. permitted divers to breathe underwater.

It was not (14) ………. the beginning of the 18th century that more advanced equipment was developed. In 1717, the first practical diving machine, or ‘diving bell’ (15) ………. it was called, was invented. This was a small wooden room with an open bottom, glass windows at the top to (16) ………. in light, and a supply of air coming through leather tubes. Something similar, made of steel, is in use today for underwater work, such as building the foundations of bridges.

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9. for

10. over

11. is/was

12. kind/type/sort

13. that/which

14. until/till

15. as

16. let

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