How to write an introduction to the essay in FCE exam

Writing an introduction to the essay in your FCE exam might be quite complicated, especially if you have no clue how to start, what to write, what words to use. On top of that you’re even more puzzled when you see the prompts/notes, as you’re probably not sure if you should write about them in the introduction or main body. So, I’m going to make it simple for you. Your introduction should consist of 3 sentences:

1st sentence– introduce the theme or give some background information about it. It’s a sentence showing a bigger picture of a problem

2nd sentence– restate your topic questions using synonyms 

3rd sentence–  rhetorical question, will give you a great link between introduction and main body 

 

Let’s practice it with this topic question

 

Do you think teachers should allow their students to use tablets instead of textbooks in the class? 
Notes:
 – focus
– price
– efficiency

1st sentence of the introduction 

First thing you need to do is to read the topic question to understand the theme/ bigger picture of the issue, which in our case is TECHNOLOGY. At this stage don’t worry about the notes.

So the 1st sentence of the introduction could be:

Technological advances have influenced everyday life even the education sector.

or

Since the development of the internet technology has taken over main areas of our life including education

or

The internet and technology are crucial aspects of many fields of life including education.

As you can see TECHNOLOGY is the theme of each example of the sentence. Try to use present perfect tense when writing your 1st sentence.

 

2nd sentence of the introduction 

2nd sentence of the introduction paraphrases the topic. What I mean by paraphrase, you need to rewrite the question using synonyms of the key words used in the topic. 

In a way your 2nd sentence is already given in the topic question, your task is to paraphrase it- use different words or grammar structures. If the topic asks your opinion make sure you include it in the introduction.

Our topic question again: Do you think teachers should allow their students to use tablets instead of textbooks in the class? 

 

Key words: 

think – consider, believe
teachers – educators
allow – let, should, ought to
students – pupils, learners
use – deploy, utilize, make use of
tablet – electronic device
instead of- as an alternative, alternatively, in lieu 
textbook – hardcopy of a book, coursebook
class – classroom 

Once you came up with few synonyms you can rewrite the topic question , in which you also include your opinion. 

 

Some educators believe, myself included, that electronic devices ought to be used by learners during lessons. 

or

Letting learners replace coursebooks with electronic devices is, in my opinion, a clever idea introduced by some educators. 

or

Some believe, myself included, that educators ought to let their learners replace electronic books with coursebook.

 

3rd sentence of the introduction 

The 3rd and final part of the introduction is a rhetorical question, which gives you a great link with the rest of the essay, I mean the main body. 

Examples of rhetorical questions you can use in our essay:

So, what are the benefits of using tablets during a lesson?

or

So, why is a tablet considered a better learning tool?

or

So, is a hardcopy of a coursebook no longer useful? 

 

All introductions:

Our topic question again: Do you think teachers should allow their students to use tablets instead of textbooks in the class? 

Introduction 1

Technological advances have influenced everyday life even the education sector. Some educators believe, myself included, that electronic devices ought to be used by learners during lessons. So, why is a tablet considered a better learning tool?

Introduction 2

Since the development of the internet technology has taken over main areas of our life including education. Some believe, myself included, that educators ought to let their learners replace electronic books with coursebook. So, what are the benefits of using tablets during a lesson?

Introduction 3

The internet and technology are crucial aspects of many fields of life including education. Letting learners replace coursebooks with electronic devices is, in my opinion, a clever idea introduced by some educators. So, is a hardcopy of a coursebook no longer useful? 

 

Practice makes perfect. So write your own introductions to these topic questions:

Topic question 1–   Is it true that we help the environment when we plant a tree?

Topic question 2–   Keeping animals in captivity is cruel for many reasons. Do you agree?

Do you find it difficult to write the introduction and want more help? Please write to us… 

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