For questions 9-16, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.
Cambridge was important long (9)… the University has existed. In the first century an Iron Age tribe built a settlement on what is now Castle Hill. This site had been taken (10)… by the Romans around 40 AD; the Saxons had followed , then the Normans under William the Conqueror, who had raised a castle on a steep mound (11)… a base for fighting the Saxon rebels at Ely. The earthworks of William’s castle (12)…still standing and Ely Cathedral is visible from the top (13)… a clear day.
The first scholars didn’t arrive until 1209, and another 7.5 years *passed before Hugh de Balsham founded Peterhnuse, the first college. Five more colleges were being established in the first half of the 14th century, (14)…another ten during the 15th and 16th centuries. Henry VI took nearly a quarter of the medieval city for King’s College which enabled (15)…to unite two existing colleges to make a Trinity big (15)…to rival Christ Church in Oxford.